The List of the Papal Representatives

pauperibus

THE LIST OF THE PAPAL REPRESENTATIVES IN CONSTANTINOPLE AND IN THE TURKISH REPUBLIC[1]

Patriarchatus Constantinopolitanus Latinorum  (LATIN PATRIARCHS OF CONSTANTINOPLE)

  • * Thomas Morosini (Italian) (1204 – 1211)

Vacant (1211 – 1215)

  • * Gervaso (Italian) (1215 – 1221)
  • * Matteo(Italian) (1221–1226)
  • * Jean Halgrin D’Abbeville(1226)
  • * Simone(1227–1232)
  • * Vacant(1232–1234)
  • * Niccolò Visconti da Castro Arquatode Porta(1234–1251)

Vacant (1251–1253)

  • * Pantaleon Giustiniani(1253–1278). (The last Patriarch of Constantinople who resided)  From 1261, Patriarchate titular only. (This title was officially abolished in 1965 too).
  • * Peter I (1286 – 1301) Resided in Crete
  • * Leonard (1301 – ?) The Pope Boniface VII decreted that the nomination of the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople reserved only to the Supreme Pontiff.

Papal Representatives during the Conquest of Constantinople

  • Papal Legate – Cardinal Isidore (1452 – 1453) (called also Cardinal of Russia. The Byzantine Emperor Constantin XIII, in front of the Turkish siege, asked help from the Pope Nicholas V, Venice and Genoa. The Emperor asked the Pope that Byzantines want to unify with the Latin Church and then the Pope sent Cardinal Isidore to Constantinople to teach the Catholic theology dogmas and the Latin rite).

Papal Representatives after the Conquest of Constantinople

Vacant (1453 – 1580)

  • Monsignor Pierre Cedulini (November 1580 – 1581) (sent to Constantinople by the Pope Gregory XIII as the Apostolic Visitor)

Patriarcal Vicars of Latins in Constantinople

As the Latin Patriarchate of Constantinople became titular and the Patriarch of Constantinople did not have any local jurisdiction, the Dominican Fathers and Franciscans were in charge of the Catholic of Roman Rite in Constantinople and both congregations were residing in Pera. The list below is being quoted from the manuscript of Fr. Barbieri which is presented in 1817 to Monsignor Vincenzo Coronessi, the Apostolic Vicar of Istabul. The original work is found in the archives of Franciscan Minor Conventual Brothers (Saint Anthony Church in Pera)  and a reproduction is found in the archives of the Apostolic Vicariate of Istabul (in Elmadağ).

  • Augustino Giusulfi (1580). He was a Dominican. The meeting minutes kept during the Apostolic Visit of Monsignor Pierre Cedulini are providing this name as the Patriarcal Vicar of Constantinopolis)
  • ? (1584). The minutes are providing that there was a Franciscan Minor Observant in charge, no name mentioned.
  • Bonaventura Secucci (1599). Franciscan Minor Observant.
  • Cherubino (1604). Franciscan Minor Observant.
  • Giovanni Battista Sangollo (1616). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Giuseppe (1618). Franciscan Minor Observant.
  • Benedetto (1622). Franciscan Minor Observant.
  • Andrea Gislanti (1626). Franciscan Minor Observant. Minister Provincial of the Congregation for the East.
  • Guglielmo Foca (1627). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Giovanni Mauri della Fratta (1629). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Giovanni Francesco Circhi (1631). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Guglielmo Vizzani (1635). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Angelo Petricca (1637). General Commissary of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Francesco Castogna (1641). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Andrea Ridolfi della Fratte (1641). General Commissary of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Giovanni Mercredini (1642). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Giovanni Battista Siroli (1643). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Gregorio de Magistris (1645). Commissary of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Monsignor Hyacinthe Subiano (1646). Dominican. Archbishop of Edessa. He started to the official and public prayers for the King of France during the ceremonies and this situation caused hard discussions between his successors and Jesuits.
  • Giovanni Francesco Circhi (1648). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Pietro Severoli (1651). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.

The Suffragan Patriarchal Apostolic Vicars of Constantinople

  • Monsignor Hyacynte Subiano (1651). Dominican. Archbishop of Edessa. He was re-elected with the new title of “Suffragan Patriarchal Apostolic Vicar”.
  • Monsignor Bonaventura Teoli (1653). Franciscan Minor Conventual.
  • Monsignor Andrea Ridolfi della Fratta (1663). Franciscan Minor Conventual.
  • Monsignor Vito Piluzzi (1675). Franciscan Minor Conventual.
  • Paris Maria Boschi (1677). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Girolamo Polacaij (1678). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • Monsignor Gasparo Gasparini (1678). Minister Provincial of the Franciscan Minor Conventuals for the East.
  • David de Saint-Charles (1703). APOSTOLIC VISITOR, SENT TO ISTANBUL BY THE POPE CLEMENT XI.
  • Monsignor Raimondo Gallani (1706). Dominican. Archbishop of Ancyra.
  • Monsignor Giovanni Battista Mauri (1720). He published a pastoral letter of the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda dated 26th November 1722 to order to all the superiors of the religious communities residing in Ottoman Empire that “they cannot do any innovation in their missions without the counsel and permission of the Ambassador of France”. The divided the city of Istanbul in parishes as of 2nd April 1730.
  • Monsignor Antonio Balsarini (1730). He was nominated when he was in charge of the Library of Roman Curia Archives. He is dead before his arrival to Istanbul.
  • Monsignor Girolamo Bona (1731). Diocesan Bishop.
  • Monsignor Biagio Paoli (1750). Diocesan Bishop.
  • Monsignor Giuseppe Roverani (1767). From the Congregation of Saint John the Baptist.

The Patriarcal Apostolic Vicars

  • Monsignor Giovanni Battista Bavestrelli (1772). Died in 1777 in Istanbul when he was in charge of the Latin Church of Istanbul.
  • Vacant (1777) – The Administrator Diocesan was Fr. Giovanni Battista Fonton. Franciscan Minor Conventual.
  • Monsignor Nicolo Pugliesi (1778). Diocesan Bishop. He is dead for the same year because of the plague.
  • Andrea (1778). Reformed Franciscan Minor, ex- Superior of the Santa Maria Draperis Church.
  • Monsignor Francesco Antonio Frachia (1778). From the Congregation of Saint John the Baptist. During his period, in 1781, the King of France Louis XVI promulgated in which conditions the priests of the Latin Rite residing in Ottoman lands could benefit of the French protection.
  • Monsignor Giulio Maria (1795). Reformed Franciscan Minor, ex- Superior of the Santa Maria Draperis Church.
  • Guillaume Marquis (1796). General Vicar. Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Nicola Timoni (1796). Diocesan. Bishop of Chios who never arrived to Istanbul where Fr. Guillaume Marquis was managing the Dioces ad interim.
  • Monsignor Giovanni Battista Fonton (1799). Diocesan Bishop. He published a small catechetical book and founded the parish of Büyükdere.
  • Monsignor Vincenzo Coressi (1816). Diocesan Bishop.
  • Monsignor Julien-Marie Hilléreau (1835). Diocesan Bishop. He founded the Holy Spirit Cathedral which was consecrated in 1846 and also the Church of Saint Name of Jesus which was consecrated in 1854 in Taksim (after three years the name of this church is changed as Saint John Chrysostome – which today is known as Surp Hovhannes Vosgeperan, reserved to the use of the Armenian Catholic Patriarchate). He also called the Sisters of Charity (Filles de Charité) and the Brothers of Christian Schools (Frères des Écoles Chrétiennes) for the education of the Christian youth of Istanbul of both sexes.
  • Monsignor Antonio Mussabini (1855). Diocesan Bishop, ex-Archbishop of Izmir.
  • Monsignor Paolo Brunoni (1858). He founded many churches in Istanbul: the church in Büyükada of the Reformed Minor Franciscan Fathers in 1860, the church in Bakırköy of Domenicans in 1863, the church of Yeşilköy of Capuchins in 1863, church of Büyükdere of Conventuals in 1866, the Latin Catholic Church of Kadıköy which the construction has started in 1859 and the Catholic Cmetery of Ferikoy in 1860. Monsignor Brunoni also did the restoration of the Holy Spirit Cathedral which got serious harm from the earthquake. The Pope Pius IX helped economically for these constructions.
  • Monsignor Joseph Pluym (1869). Dutch. From the Order of Passionists.
  • Monsignor Alessandro Franchi (1871). Diocesan Bishop, ex-Archbishop of Thessaloniki.
  • Monsignor Serafino Milani (1874). Domenican.
  • Monsignor Antonio Maria Grasselli (1874). Franciscan Minor Conventual.
  • Monsignor Vincenzo Vanuteli (1880). Diocesan Bishop.
  • Monsignor Luigi Rotelli (1880). Diocesan Bishop.

 

The Apostolic Delegates

  • Monsignor Augusto Bonetti (1887). From the Congregation of the Fathers of Mission.
  • Monsignor Giovanni Tacci-Porcelli (1905 – 1908). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Vincenzo Sardi (1908 – 1914). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Angelo Maria Dolci (1914 – 1923). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Ernesto Filippi (1923 – 1924). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Francesco Marmaggi (1924 – 1924). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Angelo Rotta (1925 – 1930). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Carlo Margotti (1930 – 1934). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli (1935 – 1945). Diocesan. (Pope John XXIII).
  • Monsignor Alcide Giuseppe Marina (1945 – 1947). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Andrea Cassulo (1947 – 1952). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Paolo Bertoli (1952 – 1953). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Giacomo Testa (1953 – 1959). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Francesco Lardone (30th June 1959 – 1966) Diocesan. (His title became “Apostolic Internuncio” on 29th February 1960)

The Apostolic Pro-nuncios

  • Monsignor Saverio Zupi (1966 – 1969). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Salvatore Asta (1969 – 1984). Diocesan.

The Apostolic Nuncios

  • Monsignor Sergio Sebastiani (8th January 1985 to 15th November 1994). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Pier Luigi Celata (6th February 1995 to 3rd April 1997). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Luigi Conti (16th May 1999 to 8th August 2001). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Edmond Y. Farhad (11th December 2001 to 26th July 2005). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Antonio Lucibello (27th August 2005 – 2015).
  • Chargé d’Affaires Monsignor Angelo Accattino (2015 – 2016). Diocesan.
  • Monsignor Paul Fitzpatrick Russel (2016-…). Diocesan.

Vicariatus Apostolicus Istanbulensis

 

Past and Present Ordinaries[2]

 

Gaspar Gasparini, O.F.M. Conv. † (31 May 1677 Appointed – 22 Aug 1705 Died)

Antonio Balsarini † (26 Aug 1730 Appointed – 2 Jan 1731 Died)

Francesco Girolamo Bona † (18 Jun 1731 Appointed – 16 Feb 1750 Died)

Blaise Paoli † (18 Mar 1750 Appointed – )

Giuseppe Roverani (Roverano) † (10 Mar 1767 Appointed – 2 Jul 1772 Died)

Giovanni Battista Bavestrelli † (31 Aug 1772 Appointed – 20 Apr 1777 Died)

Francesco Antonio Fracchia † (26 Sep 1778 Appointed – 21 Oct 1795 Died)

Julio Maria Pecori (d’Ameno), O.F.M. Ref. † (21 Oct 1795 Succeeded – 28 Feb 1796 Died)

Nicolao Lorenzo Timoni † (3 Jun 1796 Appointed – Did Not Take Effect)

Giovanni Battista Fonton, O.F.M. Conv. † (16 Mar 1799 Appointed – 26 Aug 1816 Died)

Binkentios Coressi † (26 Aug 1816 Succeeded – 7 Mar 1835 Died)

Leopoldo Angelo Santanchè, O.F.M. † (13 Nov 1874 Appointed – 3 Apr 1876 Appointed, Archbishop (Personal Title) of Fabriano e Matelica)

Vincenzo Vannutelli † (23 Jan 1880 Appointed – 22 Dec 1882 Appointed, Apostolic Internuncio to Brazil)

Luigi Rotelli † (26 Jan 1883 Appointed – 23 May 1887 Appointed, Apostolic Nuncio to France)

Vincenzo Sardi di Rivisondoli † (10 Apr 1908 Appointed – 10 Jun 1914 Resigned)

Gauthier Pierre Georges Antoine Dubois, O.F.M. Cap. † (15 Nov 1974 Appointed – 29 May 1989 Died)

Antuvan Marovitch † (29 May 1989 Succeeded – 15 Dec 1991 Died)

Louis Pelâtre, A.A. (9 Jul 1992 Appointed – 16 Apr 2016 Retired)

Rubén Tierrablanca Gonzaléz, O.F.M. (16 Apr 2016 Appointed – )

 

[1] Sources: http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/country/tr.html Access Date : 26/10/2015;

Biskupski, Ludwik. 1968. L’Origine et L’Histoirede la Réprésantation Officiel du Saint-Siege en Turquie (1204 – 1967). İstanbul: Ümit Basımevi.

[2] http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/disla.html Access date: 15/06/2016